Snakes don’t actually have eyelids. Rather, they have a special kind of adjusted scales over their eyes called spectacles (or eye caps) that protects the eyes. Amid a typical shedding cycle, the eye caps are expected to fall off. In certain cases, one or both eye caps are retained. This regularly occurs in snakes with swelling eyes (perhaps the eye tops get hung up) or in states of low humidity. While there’s some theory on the correct treatment of held eye caps (or that they should even be treated), the condition can cause infection, duct and eyesight problems if it continues during the lifespan of the snake.
Side effects of Retained Eye Caps in Snakes
It’s in every case best to look at the skin your snake sheds. (Also, it’s really cool to see, too.) The eye tops ought to be intact when you look at it, which means there ought to be no openings where the eyes spots are. In the event that the skin seems to have gaps where the eye tops used to be, then it could either be they were retained on the snake or they fell separately from the skin. To ensure they’re not retained on the snake’s eyes, check its eyes to check whether they are cloudy or clear. Clear eyes typically mean the eye tops shed properly, while a shady or fogginess in one or the two eyes can show eye tops that didn’t shed. Be that as it may, not all anomalous looking eyes represents this condition. When in doubt, counsel an exotics veterinarian who is knowledgeable about reptiles.
A few reptile owners have mixed thoughts as regards retained eye caps. Some recommend you should disregard them and let them fall off on its own. It’s best to counsel your reptile veterinarian before deciding what you believe is right for your snake. In most cases, your vet will recommend you come to see him so he can take off the caps to prevent a blurry vision which could lead to a reluctance to feed, aggression and nervousness. Retained eye caps can also create room for infections to move in, particularly in the event that they were held through more than one shed.
If your snake has this condition, first, absorb it warm water (not very hot) a few times each day. Ensure the water is deep enough for the snake to be completely submerged then keep your eyes on it to prevent drowning. Doing this for a few days might aid the skin to become soft and allow the snake shed it but if this fails to happen, then you should take it to the vet for removal.
Preventing Retained Eye Caps in Snakes
Maintain proper humidity in the snake’s cage to prevent this condition. A lot of snakes thrive in an area with 50 to 70 percent moisture humidity. Moistening your tropical snake consistently additionally helps it to hold the dampness required for adequate shedding. Ensure your snake’s cage is smooth and does not contain sharp or pointed objects that could cause an injury to the snake’s eye area. Feed your snake properly and finish it with adequate water for hydration. Moreover, you can aid the process by providing a shedding box for the snake. This can be in the form of a damp paper towel placed in a well-ventilated box. The microclimate within creates the required environment for shedding.